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2021 Dec 01

Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Case Rep


A rare case of macroprolactinoma in a patient with Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome.


Zainordin N A, Mohd Shah F Z, Eddy Warman N A, Wan Muhammad Hatta S F, Mohamad A F, Abdul Ghani R
Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Case Rep. 2021 Dec 01; 2021.
PMID: 34889204.


A 17-year-old lady presented with primary amenorrhoea, headache, nausea and lethargy. She had delayed pubertal development that also includes under-developed breast (Tanner Stage 2). Hormonal investigations showed a high serum prolactin level of 1 680 000 mIU/L (normal value: 45-375 mIU/L), with low oestradiol, progesterone, follicular-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone. Early morning cortisol level was 206 nmol/L (normal value: >450 nmol/L), thyroxine was 7.5 pmol/L (normal value: 9.0-24.0 pmol/L) with TSH 5.091 mIU/L (normal value: 0.4-4.5 mlU/L). A pituitary MRI showed a 2.7 (AP) × 3.7 (W) × 4.6 cm (CC) macroadenoma, with invasion into the left cavernous sinus and encasement of cavernous portion of the left internal carotid artery. MRI pelvis showed absent uterus, cervix and 2/3 upper vagina confirming Mullerian hypoplasia. Cytogenetics showed 46XX. These findings were suggestive of Mayer-Rokitansky-Kauser-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome with the presence of a pituitary macroprolactinoma and panhypopituitarism. She was treated with hydrocortisone, levothyroxine and cabergoline. Repeated MRI showed a reduction in tumour size by approximately 50%. This case illustrated a rare coexistence of these two conditions, being only the third reported case in the world. In addition, this would be the first case of a functioning pituitary adenoma in a patient with MRKH syndrome.