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Papers of the Week

2021 Nov

Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc


Predicting Wide-Dynamic Range Neuron Activity from Peripheral Nerve Stimulation using Linear Parameter Varying Models.


Zurn CA, Beauchene C, Duan W, Guan Y, Sarma SV
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2021 Nov; 2021:4428-4431.
PMID: 34892202.


Neuromodulation treatments for chronic pain are programmed with limited knowledge of how electrical stimulation of nerve fibers affects the dynamic response of pain-processing neurons in the spinal cord and the brain. By modeling these effects with tractable representations, we may be able to improve efficacy of stimulation therapy. However, pain transmitting neurons in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord, the first pain relay station in the nervous system, have complex responses to peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) with nonlinearities and history effects. Wide-dynamic range (WDR) neurons are well studied in pain models and respond to peripheral noxious and non-noxious stimuli. We propose to use linear parameter varying (LPV) models to capture PNS responses of WDR neurons of the deep lamina in the dorsal horn in the spinal cord. Here we show that LPV models perform better than a single linear time-invariant (LTI) model in representing the responses of the WDR neurons to widely varying amplitudes of PNS current. In the future, we can use these models alongside LPV control techniques to design closed-loop PNS stimulation that may accomplish optimal pain treatment goals.Clinical Relevance- Electrical nerve stimulation as a therapy for chronic pain is in need of a more informed approach to programming. By describing the effects of stimulation on the pain system with tractable mathematical models, we may be able to titrate the stimulation to more effectively treat chronic pain.