Headache disorders in children and adolescents are common. Among the different headache disorders, migraine and tension headache are highly prevalent and often debilitating. Pharmacological treatments for pediatric patients are often not approved or effective. Practice guidelines for prevention of pediatric headache and migraine are now incorporating information and recommendations regarding non-pharmacologic therapeutic options. Understanding the mechanism of action, safety, and efficacy of the non-pharmacologic as well as mindful-based therapeutic alternatives currently available for the management and treatment of headache and migraine may allow additional treatment alternatives for children with these conditions.