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Papers of the Week

2021 Jul 27

Behav Brain Res

Role of hippocampal orexin receptors in antinociception elicited by chemical stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus in the tail-flick test.


The lateral hypothalamus (LH) orexinergic neurons project to numerous brain regions implicated in pain perception, including the CA1 part of the hippocampal formation. Moreover, the roles of orexin receptors (OXRs) in the CA1 in anti-analgesic consequences of the LH chemical stimulation by carbachol, muscarinic receptor agonist, in acute pain have not been clarified. The current research showed OXRs antagonist administration's effect in the CA1 on analgesia elicited by the LH chemical stimulation in a tail-flick test as an acute model of pain. The control groups, including vehicle-control groups, were given intra-LH administration of saline (0.5 µl), following intra-CA1 infusion of DMSO (12%; 0.5 µl), and carbachol-control groups were treated with carbachol (250 nM/0.5 µl saline) into the LH following DMSO in the CA1. Treated groups received SB334867 (1, 3, 10, and 30 nM/0.5 µl DMSO) or TCS OX2 29 (0.1, 1, 10, and 20 nM/0.5 µl DMSO) as OX1R or OX2R antagonist, respectively, in the CA1 prior intra-LH administration of carbachol. After all injections, all rats underwent the tail-flick test over a 60-min time. Infusion of SB334867 or TCS OX2 29 in the CA1 impaired the analgesic consequences following chemical stimulation of the LH in acute pain. Meanwhile suppressive impact of the OX1R or OX2R antagonist on the analgesic impact of LH chemical stimulation was approximately identical. The current investigation provided a new document about the critical involvement of hippocampal orexinergic system in the modulatory role of the LH-CA1 path in pain perception.