I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 24 Jul 2021 - 30 Jul 2021

Animal Studies, Pharmacology/Drug Development

2021 Jul 26


Pain Relieving and Neuroprotective Effects of Non-opioid Compound, DDD-028, in the Rat Model of Paclitaxel-Induced Neuropathy.


Micheli L, Rajagopalan R, Lucarini E, Toti A, Parisio C, Carrino D, Pacini A, Ghelardini C, Rajagopalan P, Di Cesare Mannelli L
Neurotherapeutics. 2021 Jul 26.
PMID: 34312766.


Chemotherapy-induced neuropathy (CIN) is a major dose-limiting side effect of anticancer therapy that can compel therapy discontinuation. Inadequate analgesic efficacy of current pharmacological approaches requires the identification of innovative therapeutics and, hence, the purpose of this study is to conduct a preclinical evaluation of the efficacy of DDD-028, a versatile pentacyclic pyridoindole derivative, against paclitaxel-induced neuropathic pain. In two separate experiments, DDD-028 was administered per os acutely (1-25 mg kg) or repeatedly (10 mg kg) in paclitaxel-treated rats. The response to mechanical noxious stimulus (paw pressure) as well as to non-noxious mechanical (von Frey) and thermal (cold plate) stimuli was investigated. Acute administration of DDD-028 induced a dose-dependent anti-neuropathic pain effect in all tests performed. Further, repeated daily treatment for 18 consecutive days (starting the first day of paclitaxel administration) significantly reduced the development of pain over time without the development of tolerance to the anti-hyperalgesic effect. Ex vivo analysis showed that DDD-028 was able to reduce oxidative damage of dorsal root ganglia as evidenced by the increase in the level of carbonylated proteins and the decrease in catalase activity. In the lumbar spinal cord, periaqueductal gray matter, thalamus, and somatosensory cortex 1, DDD-28 significantly prevented the activation of microglia and astrocytes. The pharmacodynamic study revealed that the pain-relieving effects of DDD-028 were fully blocked by both the non-selective nicotinic receptor (nAChR) antagonist mecamylamine and by the selective α7 nAChR antagonist methyllycaconitine. In conclusion, DDD-028 was active in reducing paclitaxel-induced neuropathic pain after single or repeated administrations without tolerance development and displaying a double symptomatic and neuroprotective profile. DDD-028 could represent a valuable candidate for the treatment of CIN.