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Papers of the Week

Papers: 24 Jul 2021 - 30 Jul 2021


2021 Jun 21

CNS Spectr

Migraine: interactions between brain’s trait and state.


Szabo E, Green S, Karunakaran K D, Sieberg CB, Elman I, Burstein R, Borsook D
CNS Spectr. 2021 Jun 21:1-9.
PMID: 34308820.


It is well established that migraine is a multifactorial disorder. A deep understanding of migraine should be based upon both the underlying traits and the current states affected by different physiological, psychological, and environmental factors. At this point, there is no framework fully meeting these criteria. Here, we describe a broader view of the migraine disorder defined as a dysfunctional brain state and trait interaction. In this model, we consider events that may enhance or diminish migraine responsivity based on an individual's trait and state. This could provide an expanded view for considering how migraine attacks are sometimes precipitated by "triggers" and sometimes not, how these factors only lead to migraine attacks in migraine patients, or how individuals with an increased risk for migraine do not show any symptoms at all. Summarizing recent studies and evidence that support the concept of migraine as a brain state-trait interaction can also contribute to improving patient care by highlighting the importance of precision medicine and applying measures that are able to capture how different traits and states work together to determine migraine.