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Papers of the Week

2021 Jul 15

J Med Case Rep



Repeated intracranial empyema following cranioplasty in a patient with atopic dermatitis: a case report.


Kubota S, Nemoto M, Sakaeyama Y, Nakada C, Mikai M, Fuchinoue Y, Kondo K, Harada N, Sugo N
J Med Case Rep. 2021 Jul 15; 15(1):373.
PMID: 34261534.


Atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease associated with pruritus. Skin affected by atopic dermatitis not only shows a high percentage of Staphylococcus aureus colonization, but corneal barrier dysfunction is also known to occur. It is considered a risk factor for bacterial infections in various areas of the body. However, the relationship between atopic dermatitis and bacterial infection following neurological surgery has not yet been reported. Here, we present a case of atopic dermatitis in which the surgical site became infected twice and finally resolved only after the atopic dermatitis was treated.