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Papers of the Week

2021 Jul 08


NLRP3 Inflammasome Mediates Neurodegeneration in Rats With Chronic Neuropathic Pain.


Ren C, Chen M, Mu G, Peng S, Liu X, Ou C
Shock. 2021 Jul 08.
PMID: 34265833.


Patients with chronic neuropathic pain (NP) have a significantly increased risk of central nervous degeneration. Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a typical NP, and this manifestation is more obvious. In addition to severe pain, patients with TN are often accompanied by cognitive dysfunction and have a higher risk of central nervous system degeneration, but the mechanism is not clear. The NLRP3 inflammasome assembles inside of microglia on activation, which plays an important role in neurodegeneration such as Alzheimer disease. MCC950 is a specific blocker of NLRP3 inflammasome, which can improve the performance of degenerative diseases. Although NLRP3 inflammasome assembles inside of microglia on activation has been shown to be essential for the development and progression of amyloid pathology, its whether it mediates the neurodegeneration caused by NP is currently unclear. By constructing a rat model of chronic TN, we found that as the course of the disease progresses, TN rats have obvious cognitive and memory deficit. In addition, Tau hyperphosphorylation and Aβ expression increase in the cortex and hippocampus of the brain. At the same time, we found that NLRP3 expression increased significantly in model rats. Interestingly, NLRP3 specific blocker MCC950 can alleviate the neurodegeneration of trigeminal neuralgia rats to a certain extent. It is suggested that our NLRP3 inflammasome plays an important role in the neurodegeneration of trigeminal neuralgia rats. And it is related to the activation of central nervous system inflammation.