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Papers of the Week

2021 Jun




Steroid-Responsive Myositis Associated With Acute Hepatitis E Infection.


Jafri L, Sajjad A, Saleem S, Jameel H, Kanwar D
Cureus. 2021 Jun; 13(6):e15492.
PMID: 34268024.


Acute hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is usually self-limiting and presents as mild jaundice accompanied by malaise, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, or fever. Rarely, it can lead to fulminant hepatic failure especially in pregnant women or cause extrahepatic manifestations. We report a case of a young woman already diagnosed with acute HEV infection who presented with a generalized body rash and weakness in all four limbs. She was subsequently diagnosed with inflammatory myositis and treated successfully with steroids. We have reviewed relevant literature for a possible association. Myositis is a rare but known complication of HEV. If timely diagnosed and managed, there is a significant reduction in morbidity.