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2021 Summer

Ochsner J



Spontaneous Remission of Acromegaly After Pituitary Apoplexy in a Middle-Aged Male.


Alam S, Kubihal S, Goyal A, Jyotsna VP
Ochsner J. 2021 Summer; 21(2):194-199.
PMID: 34239382.


Pituitary apoplexy results from hemorrhage, infarction, or hemorrhagic infarction within a pituitary tumor. Subclinical or clinical apoplexy is not uncommon in acromegaly, owing to the large size of the tumor at initial detection. Growth hormone excess in acromegaly often persists following surgery. However, in rare instances, pituitary apoplexy may present a spontaneous cure to growth hormone excess. A 40-year-old male presented with holocranial headache for the past 16 years that had worsened in severity during the prior year. Two months before presentation, he experienced a severe headache that he described as the worst headache of his life. The patient had prominent acromegaloid features that he ignored, as they seemed to cause no harm. The patient had no signs of clinically active disease. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed a pituitary macroadenoma with evidence of hemorrhage. Serum insulin-like growth factor 1 and oral glucose-suppressed serum growth hormone levels were normal, suggestive of inactive or silent disease. Pituitary apoplexy causing spontaneous remission of acromegaly was diagnosed, and close follow-up was planned for the evolution of hypopituitarism. This case highlights a rare presentation of acromegaly in which an episode of symptomatic pituitary apoplexy revealed the diagnosis of pituitary adenoma and led to the cure of growth hormone hypersecretion.