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Papers of the Week

2021 Jul 02

Childs Nerv Syst

Breath-holding spells after endoscopic third ventriculostomy in a post-ventriculoperitoneal shunted patient.


Breath-holding spells (BHS) are commonly observed in children as a result of an autonomic nervous system disorder triggered by crying, emotional distress, or pain. There are several types of BHS and cyanotic type is one of them. We encountered a case of 3-year-old girl who presented with a delayed adaptation period and BHS 2 weeks after an endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV). She experienced severe headache due to increased intracranial pressure (ICP) during the delayed adaptation period, which may have contributed to the onset of BHS. Management of BHS warrants treatment of the symptoms and removal of the causative factors; in our case, intensive pain control and resolution of the increased ICP after the adaptation period were effective. While BHS are usually described as a benign condition that improves spontaneously, we highlighted the importance of recognizing and monitoring atypical symptoms such as BHS in pediatric cases.