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Papers of the Week

2021 Jul 02

Semin Liver Dis

Alagille Syndrome: A Focused Review on Clinical Features, Genetics, and Treatment.


Kohut TJ, Gilbert MA, Loomes KM
Semin Liver Dis. 2021 Jul 02.
PMID: 34215014.


Alagille syndrome (ALGS) is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by pathogenic variants in or , which encode fundamental components of the Notch signaling pathway. Clinical features span multiple organ systems including hepatic, cardiac, vascular, renal, skeletal, craniofacial, and ocular, and occur with variable phenotypic penetrance. Genotype-phenotype correlation studies have not yet shown associations between mutation type and clinical manifestations or severity, and it has been hypothesized that modifier genes may modulate the effects of and pathogenic variants. Medical management is supportive, focusing on clinical manifestations of disease, with liver transplant indicated for severe pruritus, liver synthetic dysfunction, portal hypertension, bone fractures, and/or growth failure. New therapeutic approaches are under investigation, including ileal bile acid transporter (IBAT) inhibitors and other approaches that may involve targeted interventions to augment the Notch signaling pathway in involved tissues.