Bone cancer pain (BCP) was associated with microRNA dysregulation. In this study, we intended to clarify the potential role of miR-135-5p in a BCP mouse model, which was established by tumor cell implantation (TCI) in the medullary cavity of the mouse femur. The BCP-related behaviors were tested, including the paw withdrawal mechanical threshold (PWMT) and number of spontaneous flinches (NSF). The miRNA expression profiles in astrocytes of the sham and tumor groups were compared, and miRNA microarray and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) assays confirmed that the amount of expression of miR-135-5p was significantly decreased in astrocytes of the tumor group. Gain- and loss-of-function studies showed that miR-135-5p could inhibit astrocyte activation and inflammation cytokine (TNF-α and IL-1β) expression. The relation between miR-135-5p and JAK2 was detected by bioinformatic analysis and dual luciferase reporter gene assay. By conducting in vitro experiments, it was shown that the miR-135-5P mimics lowered the level of JAK2/STAT3 proteins and inflammatory factors in astrocytes. Moreover, in vivo analysis on BCP mice model indicated that the miR-135-5p agonist could sufficiently increase PWMT and decrease NSF. Meanwhile, reduced activation of astrocytes in the spinal cord, as well as decreased expression of JAK2/STAT3 and inflammatory mediators, were found after miR-135-5p agonist treatment. Collectively, the results showed that miR-135-5p could potentially reduce BCP in mice through inhibiting astrocyte-mediated neuroinflammation and blocking of the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway, indicating that the upregulation of miR-135-5P could be a therapeutic focus in BCP treatment.