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J Pain Res


Nurse-Administered Analgesic Treatment in Italian Emergency Medical Services: A Nationwide Survey.


Imbriaco G, Rondelli R, Maroni F, Mazzolani S, Sasso S, Sebastiani S, Samolsky Dekel B G
J Pain Res. 2021; 14:1827-1835.
PMID: 34163237.


Acute pain is common among patients requiring assistance from prehospital emergency medical services (EMS). Nonetheless, the undertreatment of pain in this context remains a frequent phenomenon. Timely and effective analgesia is a crucial feature in emergency medicine. To ensure analgesia provision, prehospital paramedics and nurses can administer analgesics via standard operating protocols or under a physician's remote supervision. Information about such protocols in Italian EMS is lacking.