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Papers of the Week

Papers: 5 Jun 2021 - 11 Jun 2021

2021 Jul-Aug

Pain Rep



Best practices for virtual care to support youth with chronic pain and their families: a rapid systematic review to inform health care and policy during COVID-19 and beyond.


Birnie KA, Killackey T, Stinson J, Noel M, Lorenzetti DL, Marianayagam J, Jordan I, Jordan E, Neville A, Pavlova M, Campbell F, Lalloo C
Pain Rep. 2021 Jul-Aug; 6(2):e935.
PMID: 34104841.


The COVID-19 pandemic has acutely challenged health systems and catalyzed the need for widescale virtual care and digital solutions across all areas of health, including pediatric chronic pain. The objective of this rapid systematic review was to identify recommendations, guidelines, and/or best practices for using virtual care to support youth with chronic pain and their families (CRD42020184498). MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, APA PsychINFO, and Web of Science were searched the week of May 25, 2020, for English language peer-reviewed articles published since 2010 that (1) discussed children and adolescents aged <18 years reporting any type of chronic pain (ie, pain lasting >3 months); (2) focused on any type of virtual care (eg, telephone, telehealth, telemedicine, mHealth, eHealth, online, or digital); and (3) reported on guidelines, best practices, considerations, or recommendations for virtual care. Abstract and full text screening and data extraction were performed in duplicate. Meta-ethnography was used to synthesize concepts across articles. Of 4161 unique records screened, 16 were included addressing diverse virtual care and pediatric chronic pain conditions. Four key themes were identified: (1) opportunities to better leverage virtual care, (2) direct effective implementation of virtual care, (3) selection of virtual care platforms, and (4) gaps in need of further consideration when using virtual care to support youth with chronic pain and their families. No existing guidelines for virtual care for pediatric chronic pain were identified; however, best practices for virtual care were identified and should be used by health professionals, decision makers, and policymakers in implementing virtual care.