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Surg Neurol Int


Awake spine surgery: An eye-opening movement.


Fiani B, Reardon T, Selvage J, Dahan A, El-Farra MH, Endres P, Taka T, Suliman Y, Rose A
Surg Neurol Int. 2021; 12:222.
PMID: 34084649.


Awake surgery is performed in multiple surgical specialties, but historically, awake surgery in the field of neurosurgery was limited to craniotomies. Over the past two decades, spinal surgeons have pushed for techniques that only require regional anesthesia as they may provide reduced financial burdens on patients, faster recovery times, and better outcomes. The list of awake spine surgeries that have been found in the literature include: laminectomies/discectomies, anterior cervical discectomy and fusions (ACDFs), lumbar fusions, and dorsal column (DC) stimulator placement.