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2021 Jun 04

Clin Nephrol

Vasculitic neuropathy associated with IgG4-related kidney disease: A case report and literature review.


Jiang B, Sahenk Z, Satoskar A, Freimer M, Ayoub I
Clin Nephrol. 2021 Jun 04.
PMID: 34085635.


IgG4-related disease is an immune-mediated systemic inflammatory condition characterized by tissue infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells and elevated serum IgG4 concentrations. Peripheral neuropathy is an atypical manifestation of this disease. We describe an unusual case of vasculitic neuropathy in a patient with IgG4-related kidney disease. A 55-year-old woman presented with right leg weakness progressing to bilateral leg weakness, pain and numbness of the legs, and impaired gait. She was previously evaluated for weight loss and anemia with a CT scan of the abdomen due to concern for malignancy. Abnormal enhancement of the kidneys was seen, and laboratory work-up and kidney biopsy were consistent with IgG4-related disease. Myeloperoxidase-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies were also positive. In combination with the patient's asymmetric leg weakness and painful neuropathy, this raised concern for vasculitis. Sural nerve biopsy confirmed vasculitic neuropathy. Recent studies have demonstrated an overlap in the clinical characteristics of IgG4-related disease and the anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitides, which are known to cause vasculitic neuropathy. Clinicians should recognize this association, and IgG4-related disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis in patients with peripheral neuropathy in the right clinical context.