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Papers of the Week

Papers: 29 May 2021 - 4 Jun 2021


Human Studies

2021 May 24

J Psychosom Res


Health-related quality of life in youth with abdominal pain: An examination of optimism and pain self-efficacy.


Tomlinson RM, Bax KC, Ashok D, McMurtry MC
J Psychosom Res. 2021 May 24; 147:110531.
PMID: 34082155.


Abdominal pain adversely impacts children with functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) or organic gastrointestinal disorders (OGIDs); findings are inconsistent regarding diagnosis and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). This study utilizes a positive psychology framework to understand the experience of youth with abdominal pain (i.e., do positive psychological factors, such as optimism and pain self-efficacy, relate to higher HRQoL?). Consistent with a protective factor model of resilience, in which personal assets may serve as buffers between risk factors and negative outcomes, optimism and pain self-efficacy were examined as they relate to HRQoL in youth with abdominal pain. Specifically, exploratory moderational analyses examined a) if optimism and pain self-efficacy moderate the relation between pain and HRQoL, and b) whether diagnostic status moderated the relation between optimism/pain self-efficacy and HRQoL.