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Papers of the Week

2021 Apr

Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue



[Severe encephalitis caused by infection of Rickettsia felis: a case report].


Zhang L, Zhang J, Hu M, Feng X
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue. 2021 Apr; 33(4):491-493.
PMID: 34053497.


Rickettsia felis is a Gram-negative prokaryotic organism that is obligatorically parasitic in cells. Cat fleas are the main vector of Rickettsia felis. Clinical symptoms of human infection with Rickettsia felis include fever, fatigue, headache, macular papules, and eschar. There are few reports of serious complications or deaths due to infection of Rickettsia felis. A confirmed case of severe encephalitis caused by Rickettsia felis infection was admitted to neurology department of Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University on January 29, 2020. After comprehensive treatment of antiviral by acyclovir, mannitol dehydration to reduce intracranial pressure, human immunoglobulin to regulateimmunity, minocycline hydrochloride capsule, levofloxacin mesylate and sodium chloride against Rickettsia felis infection, control of seizure and pulmonary infection, the patient's condition was improved and then discharged. By summarizing the experience and lessons in the treatment of this patient, we hope to remind everyone to strengthen the understanding of Rickettsia felis infection.