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2021 May 30

Clin Nurs Res

Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Coping Strategies: A Cross-sectional Study for Identifying Psychological Alarms and Factors Related to Coping in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.


Selim A, Saad Salem S, Albasher N, Bakrmom G, Alanzi S, Jradi H
Clin Nurs Res. 2021 May 30:10547738211020437.
PMID: 34056933.


Psychological alarms including severity of pain, functional impairment, depression, and impaired coping strategies have been correlated with (IBS); however, these attributes, particularly coping strategies, have not been well studied. The aim of this study was to assess psychological alarms, life stressors, and coping strategies of adults diagnosed with IBS. A total of 806 participants completed a self-administered survey consisting of socio-demographic data and life stressors, the Rome IV criteria to diagnose IBS, the Psychological Alarm Questionnaire, and the Coping Strategies Questionnaire (CSQ 24). IBS diagnosis was established among 372 (46.15%) participants. Anxiety (OR = 1.81; 95% CI: 1.35-2.45), severe pain (OR = 1.92; 95% CI: 1.42-2.63), financial life stressors (OR = 1.98; 95% CI: 1.33-2.40), and coping strategies such as reinterpretation (OR = 1.92; 95% CI: 1.39-2.68) and diversion (OR = 2.01; 95% CI: 1.05-3.89) were all significantly and independently associated with IBS diagnosis. Giving the chronic nature of IBS, future research should focus on coping as a potential treatment goal for IBS patients.