Several therapeutic options are available for type 1 Gaucher disease (GD1), including enzymatic replacement therapy (ERT) and substrate reduction therapy (SRT). Eliglustat is a selective inhibitor of glucosylceramide synthase that is extensively metabolized by CYP2D6 and, to a lesser extent by CYP3A4; it is also an inhibitor of the P-gp transporter. The aim of this study is to evaluate the metabolizer profile of these cytochrome isoforms in 61 GD1 patients, and to analyze interferences with concomitant therapies. Patients were selected from the Spanish Gaucher Disease Registry considering clinical data, GBA genotype, severity score index, comorbidities, concomitant drugs, type and response to therapy and adverse effects. The polymorphisms of CYP2D6, CYP3A4 and three ABCB1 transporter variants were analyzed by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). The most frequent metabolizer profile was extensive or intermediate for CYP2D6, extensive for CYP3A4*1B and CYP3A4*22 and normal activity for ABCB1. Correlations between metabolizer profile and other variables were analyzed by multiple regression study. Twenty-eight patients received ERT, 17 eliglustat and seven miglustat. Forty-two patients (68.8%) had associated diseases and 54.5% were taking daily concomitant medication. Nine patients under eliglustat therapy received concomitant drugs that interact with the CYPs and/or ABCB1, five of these did not reach therapeutic goals and three presented mild or moderate adverse effects (headache and gastrointestinal disorders). Detailed analysis in four patients with TTT haplotype, corresponding to lack of activity of the transporter, was performed. In order to apply personalized medicine and avoid interferences and adverse effects, the individual CYP metabolizer profile and transporter must be considered when choosing the concomitant medication and/or making dose adjustments.