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Papers of the Week

2021 May 26

J Dermatol

Efficacy of a moisturizer for pruritus accompanied by xerosis in patients undergoing dialysis: A multicenter, open-label, randomized verification study.


Yoshida Y, Hirama A, Hashimoto K, Sato T, Yokota N, Saeki H, Kishida M, Nakamura H, Kanakubo A, Tsuruoka S
J Dermatol. 2021 May 26.
PMID: 34041789.


Xerosis and pruritus are common in patients undergoing dialysis. These symptoms are treated with moisturizers, but limited evidence supports the efficacy of such treatment. Our exploratory study suggested the effectiveness of a heparinoid-containing product for xerosis in dialysis patients. We conducted a multicenter, open-label, randomized, before-after, parallel-group comparative study to verify the exploratory study results (Clinical Trial Registry: UMIN000029360). Seventy-one Japanese patients undergoing dialysis with chronic kidney disease and xerosis were randomly assigned to receive a heparinoid-containing product for 2 weeks (group A [n = 36]) or 8 weeks (group B [n = 35]). Patients were instructed to apply the study product based on the fingertip unit method. The efficacy endpoints were the water content of the stratum corneum (WCSC), skin dryness score, pruritus visual analog scale score, and Dermatology Life Quality Index. Safety was assessed by monitoring adverse events. The mean WCSC (arbitrary units) was 26.0 ± 9.6 in group A and 25.2 ± 10.0 in group B at the start of treatment (week 0), significantly increased to 39.0±12.5 in group A and 38.5 ± 11.0 in group B (P < 0.0001 for both vs week 0) by week 2, and then decreased only in group A. Thus, the WCSC at week 4 (the primary endpoint) remained significantly higher in group B (36.4 ± 12.2 vs 28.8 ± 10.4; P = 0.0068). Other endpoints improved during treatment with the study product. One patient developed a rash and erythema as treatment-related adverse events. In conclusion, 8 weeks' application of a heparinoid-containing product was effective for xerosis in patients undergoing dialysis.