I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

2021 May 19

BMJ Case Rep



Managing challenging pain and irritability in mutation-related infantile malignant osteopetrosis.


Osteopetrosis describes a heterogeneous group of diseases characterised by increased bone density due to impaired osteoclast. The malignant infantile autosomal recessive (MIOP) form caused by mutations in is the most severe form of osteopetrosis. Children with this phenotype exhibit multisystemic complications, of which the neuropathic manifestations are the most severe. Infants with MIOP may present with pain and irritability that are likely to become continuous and debilitating as the disease progresses. There is limited understanding of the aetiology and management of pain in MIOP. Here, we describe a 2 month-old infant with mutation-related MIOP presenting with severe irritability and pain. This case provides the opportunity to discuss the cause and management of these distressing symptoms. We also review similar cases and the possible underlying mechanisms of pain and irritability to help provide a conceptual framework for the management of these symptoms in infants with MIOP.