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Papers of the Week

2021 Apr

NMC Case Rep J



Dural-based Cavernous Malformation at the Temporal Convexity Presenting with Hemorrhage in a Pregnant Woman: Case Report.


Ishii K, Tanei T, Kato T, Naito T, Tsukamoto E, Okada K, Hasegawa T
NMC Case Rep J. 2021 Apr; 8(1):69-73.
PMID: 34012752.


Intracranial cavernous malformations (CMs) are benign vascular malformations that arise mostly within the brain parenchyma, but occasionally from the dura mater. Here, we report an extremely rare case of a 29-year-old pregnant woman presenting with hemorrhage in a dural-based CM at the temporal convexity. She presented with headache at 38 weeks of pregnancy. Imaging showed a hemorrhagic mass lesion in the left temporal lobe. Consciousness was clear, with no apparent neurological symptoms or headache. Her baby was delivered by emergency Caesarean section. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging revealed an enhanced lesion around the hematoma and flow void appearances. Cerebral angiography confirmed the left middle meningeal artery feeding the lesion with apparent contrast medium pooling. Surgical removal of the lesion as a single block was performed. Histological examinations were consistent with CM. The lesion was located outside the brain and attached to the dura mater of the convexity, so the final diagnosis was dural-based CM. The patient was discharged home with her baby without any neurological deficits, and no recurrence has been seen for 2 years. Dural-based CM at the temporal convexity was detected, presenting as headache induced by hemorrhage during pregnancy. The relationship between bleeding of the lesion and pregnancy remains unclear, but female hormones and vascular growth factors during pregnancy can induce morphological changes and angiogenesis in CMs.