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2021 Apr-Jun

Sci Prog



Esophagitis dissecans superficialis associated with acute transoral paraquat poisoning: Clinical study of 15 cases.


Tao X, Yu G, Guo W, Kan B, Song L, Li H, Jian X
Sci Prog. 2021 Apr-Jun; 104(2):368504211019647.
PMID: 34019441.


To analyze the clinical characteristics and therapeutic effects of transoral paraquat poisoning combined with Esophagitis dissecans superficialis (EDS). A retrospective observational study was conducted on paraquat poisoning patients between January 1, 2011 and August 30, 2016 in Qilu hospital. Fifteen patients with EDS were enrolled in this study. The clinical characteristics, prognosis, and pathological features of esophageal necrosis mucosa of these patients were retrospectively analyzed and summarized. Esophageal mucosal dissection occurs mainly within 3-8 days after transoral paraquat poisoning in 15 patients. Dosage of paraquat is range from 50 to 100 ml. Most patients have physical problems with swallowing before the intramural esophageal dissection occurred. And there are other symptoms, including sore throat or dysphagia (100%), nausea and vomiting (86.7%), heartburn or upper abdominal pain (73.3%), hematemesis (60%), abdominal distension (20%) and cough frequently (6.7%). In death group, most patients demonstrate features of the multiple organ failure when the esophageal mucosal stripping happened, including lung injury, renal failure, and hepatic failure. The shape of esophageal dissection was tubular in 60%, irregular in 40%, and they vary in size. Pathological examination showed extensive injury, necrosis and hemorrhage of digestive tract epithelium, and obvious inflammatory reaction of epithelial tissue. Transoral paraquat poisoning has certain damage to the patient's esophageal mucosa, and some may be complicated with EDS, and the prognosis is poor, especially when combined with multiple organ dysfunction. Esophageal damage is mainly located in the esophageal mucosa and have different degrees. Special attention should be paid on such patients.