Tendon-related disorders are common musculoskeletal system disorders in clinical practice, accounting for 30-50% of all sports-related injuries, and they are difficult to treat due to the hypovascular structure of the tendons. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP), including pure PRP and leukocyte- and platelet-rich plasma (L-PRP), has been attracting increasing attention, as it may stimulate tissue regeneration through the release of growth factors and cytokines. The aim of the present review was to provide a summary of the effects of L-PRP on tendon disorders and the underlying mechanisms through a comprehensive examination of the published literature, including , animal and clinical studies. It has been demonstrated that L-PRP results in comparatively greater pain relief and improved function in patients suffering from tendon disorders. Furthermore, L-PRP may exert its effects through a diverse range of mechanisms, such as neovascularization, cell proliferation and differentiation of tendon/progenitor stem cells into tenocytes, as well as extracellular matrix reorganization by transforming type III to type I collagen fibers. It has also been indicated that the effects of leukocytes in L-PRP depend on the biological state of the injured tissue and its surrounding microenvironment. L-PRP is beneficial and promotes tendon healing at the early stage, whereas it is likely detrimental to the repair of tendon at a later stage because of the risk of excessive catabolic and inflammatory responses. Overall, the application of L-PRP in tendon disorders appears to be a promising field that is worthy of further research.