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Papers of the Week

2021 Apr-Jun

Turk J Emerg Med



Nebulized ketamine for managing acute pain in the pediatric emergency department: A case series.


Rhodes A J, Fagan M J, Motov SM, Zerzan J
Turk J Emerg Med. 2021 Apr-Jun; 21(2):75-78.
PMID: 33969243.


Administration of sub-dissociative doses of ketamine is used via intranasal (IN) and intravenous routes in the pediatric emergency department for managing acute pain. Due to difficulties in both obtaining intravenous access and compliance with IN medications in children, administration of ketamine via breath-actuated nebulizer can serve as a valuable modality for timely analgesia in children where dosing titration is patient controlled. We describe five pediatric patients who received ketamine via breath-actuated nebulizer at 0.75 mg/kg, 1 mg/kg, and 1.5 mg/kg, with all patients experiencing a decrease in pain score. This case series introduces ketamine inhalation as a modality for managing pain in children.