I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

2021 May 07

Arch Public Health



Detecting anxiety and depression among people with limited literacy living with chronic low back pain in Nigeria: adaptation and validation of the hospital anxiety and depression scale.


The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) is one of the most popular measures of anxiety and depression. The original HADS is mostly used in Nigeria precluding people with limited literacy. This study aimed to cross-culturally adapt and psychometrically test the HADS for rural and urban Nigerian Igbo populations with chronic low back pain (CLBP) who have limited literacy.