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Biol Pharm Bull



Angiotensin (1-7) Attenuates the Nociceptive Behavior Induced by Substance P and NMDA via Spinal MAS1.


Yamagata R, Nemoto W, Fujita M, Nakagawasai O, Tan-No K
Biol Pharm Bull. 2021; 44(5):742-746.
PMID: 33952831.


The intrathecal (i.t.) injection of substance P (SP) and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) induce transient nociceptive response by activating neurokinin (NK) 1 and NMDA receptors, respectively. We have recently reported that angiotensin (Ang) (1-7), an N-terminal fragment of Ang II, could alleviate several types of pain including neuropathic and inflammatory pain by activating spinal MAS1. Here, we investigated whether Ang (1-7) can inhibit the SP- and NMDA-induced nociceptive response. The nociceptive response induced by an i.t. injection of SP or NMDA was assessed by measuring the duration of hindlimb scratching directed toward the flank, biting and/or licking of the hindpaw or the tail for 5 min. Localization of MAS1 and either NK1 or NMDA receptors in the lumbar superficial dorsal horn was determined by immunohistochemical observation. The nociceptive response induced by SP and NMDA was attenuated by the i.t. co-administration of Ang (1-7) (0.03-3 pmol) in a dose-dependent manner. The inhibitory effects of Ang (1-7) (3 pmol) were attenuated by A779 (100 pmol), a MAS1 antagonist. Moreover, immunohistochemical analysis showed that spinal MAS1 co-localized with NK1 receptors and NMDA receptors on cells in the dorsal horn. Taken together, the i.t. injection of Ang (1-7) attenuated the nociceptive response induced by SP and NMDA via spinal MAS1, which co-localized with NK1 and NMDA receptors. Thus, the spinal Ang (1-7)/MAS1 pathway could represent a therapeutic target to effectively attenuate spinal pain transmission caused by the activation of NK1 or NMDA receptors.