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Papers: 1 May 2021 - 7 May 2021

2021 May 04

BMJ Open



Sham treatment effects in manual therapy trials on back pain patients: a systematic review and pairwise meta-analysis.


Lavazza C, Galli M, Abenavoli A, Maggiani A
BMJ Open. 2021 May 04; 11(5):e045106.
PMID: 33947735.


To assess the effects and reliability of sham procedures in manual therapy (MT) trials in the treatment of back pain (BP) in order to provide methodological guidance for clinical trial development.