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2021 Apr 01

Diagnostics (Basel)



Preoperative Diagnosis Failure for a Rare Gastric Collision Tumor: A Case Report.


Elshaer RE, Elgammal ER, Elmistekawy AM, Ghannam WA, Elshamy AE, Abed SY, Zaitone SA
Diagnostics (Basel). 2021 Apr 01; 11(4).
PMID: 33915830.


Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), usually occur as a solitary neoplasm. Inflammatory florid polyp (IFP) is a solitary rare benign lesion of the gastrointestinal tract, mainly occur in the gastric antrum, whose atypical presentation can mimic GISTs or other malignant tumors, therefore the synchronous occurrence of GISTs and IFP is extremely rare. We had a case of a 58-year-old man that was presented with recurrent epigastric pain and recurrent melena. Upper endoscopic examination revealed a large polypoid antrum polyp measured 7 cm at greatest dimension with focal ulceration. Clinical and radiological features did not reach the definite diagnosis until histopathological evaluation with immunohistochemical analysis was performed. Surgical intervention is recommended and partial gastrectomy was done with wide resection margins. Histological examination revealed two distinct GISTs and IFP parts presenting a collision tumor that showed spindle and epitheloid cells consistent with GISTs with histological features of florid polyp showed a characteristic perivascular onion-skin arrangement of spindle cells with dense chronic inflammatory infiltrate including eosinophils and lymphocytes. Immunohistochemical studies have been done and revealed an association between GISTs and IFP. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of a collision tumor consisting of a GIST and an IFP arising in the stomach. In conclusion, the gastrointestinal stromal tumor is the comments mesenchymal tumor of GIT and IFP is a rare benign lesion of GIT therefore association between GIST and IFP as a collision tumor is extremely rare.