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Papers of the Week

Papers: 24 Apr 2021 - 30 Apr 2021

2021 Apr 27

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A



Ion mobility-mass spectrometry reveals the role of peripheral myelin protein dimers in peripheral neuropathy.


Fantin SM, Parson KF, Yadav P, Juliano B, Li GC, Sanders CR, Ohi MD, Ruotolo BT
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2021 Apr 27; 118(17).
PMID: 33893233.


Peripheral myelin protein (PMP22) is an integral membrane protein that traffics inefficiently even in wild-type (WT) form, with only 20% of the WT protein reaching its final plasma membrane destination in myelinating Schwann cells. Misfolding of PMP22 has been identified as a key factor in multiple peripheral neuropathies, including Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease and Dejerine-Sottas syndrome. While biophysical analyses of disease-associated PMP22 mutants show altered protein stabilities, leading to reduced surface trafficking and loss of PMP22 function, it remains unclear how destabilization of PMP22 mutations causes mistrafficking. Here, native ion mobility-mass spectrometry (IM-MS) is used to compare the gas phase stabilities and abundances for an array of mutant PM22 complexes. We find key differences in the PMP22 mutant stabilities and propensities to form homodimeric complexes. Of particular note, we observe that severely destabilized forms of PMP22 exhibit a higher propensity to dimerize than WT PMP22. Furthermore, we employ lipid raft-mimicking SCOR bicelles to study PMP22 mutants, and find that the differences in dimer abundances are amplified in this medium when compared to micelle-based data, with disease mutants exhibiting up to 4 times more dimer than WT when liberated from SCOR bicelles. We combine our findings with previous cellular data to propose that the formation of PMP22 dimers from destabilized monomers is a key element of PMP22 mistrafficking.