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Papers of the Week

Papers: 24 Apr 2021 - 30 Apr 2021

Animal Studies

2021 Jan-Dec

Mol Pain


The interaction between P2X3 and TRPV1 in the dorsal root ganglia of adult rats with different pathological pains.


Yu J, Du J, Fang J, Liu Y, Xiang X, Liang Y, Shao X, Fang J
Mol Pain. 2021 Jan-Dec; 17:17448069211011315.
PMID: 33906494.


Peripheral inflammatory and neuropathic pain are closely related to the activation of purinergic receptor P2X ligand-gated ion channel 3 (P2X3) and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1), but the interaction between P2X3 and TRPV1 in different types of pathological pain has rarely been reported. In this study, complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced inflammatory pain and spared nerve injury (SNI)-induced neuropathic pain models were established in adult rats. The interactions between P2X3 and TRPV1 in the dorsal root ganglion were observed by pharmacological, co-immunoprecipitation, immunofluorescence and whole-cell patch-clamp recording assays. TRPV1 was shown to promote the induction of spontaneous pain caused by P2X3 in the SNI model, but the induction of spontaneous pain behaviour by TRPV1 was not completely dependent on P2X3 . In both the CFA and SNI models, the activation of peripheral P2X3 enhanced the effect of TRPV1 on spontaneous pain, while the inhibition of peripheral TRPV1 reduced the induction of spontaneous pain by P2X3 in the CFA model. TRPV1 and P2X3 had inhibitory effects on each other in the inflammatory pain model. During neuropathic pain, P2X3 facilitated the function of TRPV1, while TRPV1 had an inhibitory effect on P2X3. These results suggest that the mutual effects of P2X3 and TRPV1 differ in cases of inflammatory and neuropathic pain in rats.