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2021 Apr 12

Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi



[Clinical features of 141 fatal cases of coronavirus disease in Jinyintan Hospital in Wuhan, China].


Xiao YJ, Dong X, Yang HZ, Tan HY, Zhou RL, Chen Y, Shen XB, Yan MY
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi. 2021 Apr 12; 44(4):354-359.
PMID: 33832023.


To describe the epidemiological characteristics and clinical features of patients with fatal coronavirus disease (COVID-19), in order to provide evidence for clinical diagnosis and treatment. In this retrospective study, we analyzed data on 141 fatal cases of confirmed COVID-19 that occurred among patients in Jinyintan Hospital in Wuhan, China, from January 20 to March 6, 2020. We analyzed their epidemiological characteristics, clinical and radiological features, laboratory results, and treatment. Of the 141 patients (49 females, 92 males), the median age was 77 years (range: 24-92 years). The most likely source of exposure included the Huanan seafood market (3, 2%), family members (6, 4%), and hospital-acquired infection (8, 6%). The remaining 116 patients (72%) had no known source of exposure. Of the patients, 101 (72%) had chronic diseases. The most common comorbidities were hypertension, diabetes and coronary heart disease. The most common clinical manifestations were fever (121, 85%), dry cough (77, 54%), shortness of breath (23, 16%), and chest pain (15, 10%). Less common clinical manifestations included fatigue (7, 4%), headache (3, 2%), disorders of consciousness (2, 1%), diarrhea (2, 1%) and lumbago (1, 0.7%). In terms of laboratory tests, the absolute value of lymphocytes in most patients was reduced (132, 94%), but C-reactive protein (141, 100%), procalcitonin(121, 89%), serum amyloid (140, 99%) were significantly increased. The most common findings on imaging of the lungs were bilateral multiple mottling and ground-glass opacity (101, 72%), mainly in the lower lobes (15, 10%), with lesions being more common on the right. Other imaging findings included diffuse consolidation (4, 3%), ground-glass opacity and consolidation (20, 14%), and pneumothorax (1, 0.7%). All patients were treated with antibiotics and antiviral drugs. Other treatments included immunoglobulin (49, 35%), corticosteroids (45, 32%), continuous renal replacement therapy (24, 17%), and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (12, 9%). All patients were treated with oxygen therapy. The mode of administration included invasive mechanical ventilation (61, 43%), noninvasive mechanical ventilation (65, 46%), and nasal catheter oxygen inhalation (15, 11%). The direct causes of death were acute respiratory distress syndrome (90, 64%), multiple organ failure (24, 17%), sudden cardiac arrest (11, 8%), viral myocarditis (8, 5%), acute myocardial infarction (4, 3%), cerebrovascular accident (3, 2%), and acute gastrointestinal bleeding (1, 0.7%). Risk factors for death due to COVID-19 included older age, male sex, and the presence of comorbidities. The most common direct causes of death were acute respiratory distress syndrome, multiple organ failure, sudden cardiac arrest, and viral myocarditis.