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2021 Mar 17

Neurosurg Rev

Gamma Knife radiosurgery for the treatment of central neurocytoma: a single-institution experience of 25 patients.



Central neurocytomas (CNs) are extremely rare tumors that account for 0.1-0.5% of all intracranial neoplasms. Recently, Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) has become a treatment option in patients with CN. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of GKRS in 25 CN patients and review the results along with relevant literature. GKRS patient database was searched, and 25 patients who underwent GKRS for CN between 2009 and 2018, were evaluated retrospectively. The study cohort included 15 female and ten male patients with a median age of 32 years (range, 5-60). The most common presenting symptom was headache (88%). The neurological examination was unremarkable in all patients, except for one patient with decreased vision. Twenty patients (80%) had a history of surgical resection. Most of the tumors (92%) were located in the ventricles, and the median tumor volume was 4.8 cm (range, 0.8-28.1). The median marginal dose was 14 Gy (range, 12-15) to a median isodose of 50% (range, 40-50). Following a median follow-up of 80 months (range, 36-138), local tumor control was achieved in 100% of patients. Distant recurrence was observed in one patient (4%). No adverse radiation effect was observed. Regarding non-specific post-GKRS symptoms, one patient experienced a prolonged headache, and one epileptic patient experienced a brief partial seizure. In our patient cohort, GKRS yielded favorable local tumor control (100%) during a median follow-up of 6.6 years. Our series demonstrates that GKRS is an effective and safe treatment option for patients with primary or residual CNs.