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Papers of the Week

Papers: 20 Mar 2021 - 26 Mar 2021

Animal Studies, Pharmacology/Drug Development

2021 Mar 15

Eur J Pharmacol

Selective blockade of transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 reduces cyclophosphamide-induced bladder pain in mice.


Kawasaki S, Soga M, Sakurai Y, Nanchi I, Yamamoto M, Imai S, Takahashi T, Tsuno N, Asaki T, Morioka Y, Fujita M
Eur J Pharmacol. 2021 Mar 15:174040.
PMID: 33737012.


Transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) is a non-selective cation channel activated by various physical stimuli such as cell swelling and shear stress. TRPV4 is expressed in bladder sensory nerves and epithelium, and its activation produces urinary dysfunction in rodents. However, there have been few reports regarding its involvement in bladder pain. Therefore, we investigated whether TRPV4 is involved in bladder pain in mouse cystitis model. Intraperitoneal injection of cyclophosphamide (CYP; 300 mg/kg) produced mechanical hypersensitivity in the lower abdomen associated with a severe inflammatory bladder in mice. The mechanical threshold was reversed significantly in Trpv4-knockout (KO) mice. Repeated injections of CYP (150 mg/kg) daily for 4 days provoked mild bladder inflammation and persistent mechanical hypersensitivity in mice. Trpv4-KO mice prevented a reduction of the mechanical threshold without an alteration in bladder inflammation. A selective TRPV4 antagonist also reversed the mechanical threshold in chronic cystitis mice. Although expression of Trpv4 was unchanged in the bladders of chronic cystitis mice, the level of phosphorylated TRPV4 was increased significantly. These results suggest involvement of TRPV4 in bladder pain of cystitis mice. A TRPV4 antagonist might be useful for patients with irritable bladder pain such as those with interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome.