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Papers of the Week

2021 Feb 13

Drug Alcohol Depend


Identifying individuals with opioid use disorder: Validity of International Classification of Diseases diagnostic codes for opioid use, dependence and abuse.


Lagisetty P, Garpestad C, Larkin A, MacLeod C, Antoku D, Slat S, Thomas J, Powell V, Bohnert ASB, Lin LA
Drug Alcohol Depend. 2021 Feb 13; 221:108583.
PMID: 33662670.


Policy evaluations and health system interventions often utilize International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes of opioid use, dependence, and abuse to identify individuals with opioid use disorder (OUD) and assess receipt of evidence-based treatments. However, ICD codes may not map directly onto the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (DSM-5) OUD criteria. This study investigates the positive predictive value of ICD codes in identifying patients with OUD.