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Papers: 27 Feb 2021 - 5 Mar 2021

2021 Mar 19

STAR Protoc



Derivation of dorsal spinal sensory interneurons from human pluripotent stem cells.


Gupta S, Yamauchi K, Novitch BG, Butler SJ
STAR Protoc. 2021 Mar 19; 2(1):100319.
PMID: 33659900.


We describe two differentiation protocols to derive sensory spinal interneurons (INs) from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). In protocol 1, we use retinoic acid (RA) to induce pain, itch, and heat mediating dI4/dI6 interneurons, and in protocol 2, RA with bone morphogenetic protein 4 (RA+BMP4) is used to induce proprioceptive dI1s and mechanosensory dI3s in hPSC cultures. These protocols provide an important step toward developing therapies for regaining sensation in spinal cord injury patients. For complete details on the use and execution of this protocol, please refer to Gupta et al. (2018).