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Papers of the Week

2021 Jan




Isotonic ion replacement can lower the threshold for selective infrared neural inhibition.


Zhuo J, Ou Z, Zhang Y, Jackson EM, Shankar SS, McPheeters MT, Ford JB, Jansen DE, Chiel HJ, Jenkins MW
Neurophotonics. 2021 Jan; 8(1):015005.
PMID: 33628860.


Infrared (IR) inhibition can selectively block peripheral sensory nerve fibers, a potential treatment for autonomic-dysfunction-related diseases (e.g., neuropathic pain and interstitial cystitis). Lowering the IR inhibition threshold can increase its translational potentials. Infrared induces inhibition by enhancing potassium channel activation. We hypothesized that the IR dose threshold could be reduced by combining it with isotonic ion replacement. We tested the IR inhibition threshold on the pleural-abdominal connective of . Using a customized chamber system, the IR inhibition was applied either in normal saline or in isotonic ion-replaced saline, which could be high glucose saline, high choline saline, or high glucose/high choline saline. Each modified saline was at a subthreshold concentration for inhibiting neural conduction. We showed that isotonically replacing ions in saline with glucose and/or choline can reduce the IR threshold and temperature threshold of neural inhibition. Furthermore, the size selectivity of IR inhibition was preserved when combined with high glucose/high choline saline. The present work of IR inhibition combined with isotonic ion replacement will guide further development of a more effective size-selective IR inhibition modality for future research and translational applications.