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Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult



[Rehabilitation methods for cancer patients with peripheral polyneuropathy induced by cytostatics].


Grushina TI, Konchugova TV, Kulchitskaya DB, Gushchina NV, Astakhova KA
Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult. 2021; 98(1):58-63.
PMID: 33605131.


An analytical review of the methods of cancer patients' rehabilitation with peripheral polyneuropathy induced by cytostatics (PNPIC) was carried out. Studies from electronic databases were investigated: Scopus, Web of Science, MedLine, World Health Organization, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, ScienceDirect, US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health, PubMed Cancer, eLIBRARY, CyberLeninka. Despite the improvement of anticancer therapy and an increase in patients' life expectancy, the emerging peripheral polyneuropathy remains an urgent problem, since it significantly affects both the patients' life quality and the selection of adequate therapy. The frequency of detection of PNPIC is 90%, after discontinuation of treatment; symptoms of damaged peripheral nerve fibers remain in 30% of patients. The clinical symptoms of PNPIC are varied and most often include numbness in the extremities and / or increased sensitivity to thermal or mechanical stimuli, neuropathic pain. Currently, to prevent PNPIC, treatment is being modified with a reduction in the duration of courses and doses of cytostatics, and interruption of treatment. Official guidelines do not recommend any prophylaxis other than the possible use of duloxetine or a topical gel containing baclofen, amitriptyline, and ketamine. Over the past few years, there has been no significant progress in the prevention and treatment of PNPIC. The most common drug treatment method in clinical practice is the prescription of vitamins B. Among the non-drug treatment methods of PNPIC, the authors used acupuncture, electro-acupuncture, manual therapy, massage, gymnastics, yoga, sensorimotor training, general vibration therapy, percutaneous electro-neuro-stimulation, electro-analgesia, local cryotherapy, hydrotherapy, low-intensity alternating magnetic radiation. The studies included in the review are heterogeneous in design and protocol, number of patients, and time points for assessing outcomes. In connection with the existing differences, it is not possible to carry out a comparative analysis of the results of these rehabilitation types and to give an unambiguous answer about their effectiveness. As the analysis has shown, peripheral PNPIC is well known all over the world, however, the search for methods of its treatment is far from complete.