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Papers of the Week

Papers: 30 Jan 2021 - 5 Feb 2021

Animal Studies, Human Studies, Pharmacology/Drug Development

2021 Feb 01

J Med Chem

Computational and Functional Mapping of Human and Rat α6β4 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors Reveals Species-Specific Ligand-Binding Motifs.


Hone AJ, Kaas Q, Kearns I, Hararah F, Gajewiak J, Christensen S, Craik DJ, McIntosh MJ
J Med Chem. 2021 Feb 01.
PMID: 33523678.


Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are pharmacological targets for the treatment of neuropathic pain, and the α6β4 subtype has been identified as particularly promising. Rat α6β4 nAChRs are less sensitive to some ligands than the human homologue potentially complicating the use of rodent α6β4 receptors for screening therapeutic compounds. We used molecular dynamics simulations coupled with functional assays to study the interaction between α-conotoxin PeIA and α6β4 nAChRs and to identify key ligand-receptor interactions that contribute to species differences in α-conotoxin potency. Our results show that human and rat α6β4 nAChRs have distinct ligand-binding motifs and show markedly different sensitivities to α-conotoxins. These studies facilitated the creation of PeIA-5667, a peptide that shows 270-fold higher potency for rat α6β4 nAChRs over native PeIA and similar potency for the human homologue. Our results may inform the design of therapeutic ligands that target α6β4 nAChRs for the treatment of neuropathic pain.