In this study, we sought to elucidate the molecular mechanism underlying human Mas-related G protein-coupled receptor X1 (MrgprX1) mediated itch sensation. We found that activation of MrgprX1 by BAM8-22 triggered robust action potential discharges in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. This neuronal excitability is not mediated by Transient receptor potential (TRP) cation channels, M-type potassium channels, or chloride channels. Instead, activation of MrgprX1 lowers the activation threshold of TTX-resistant sodium channels and induces inward sodium currents. These MrgprX1-elicited action potential discharges can be blocked by Pertussis toxin (PTX) and a Gβγ inhibitor – Gallein. Behavioral results showed that Nav1.9 knockout but not Trpa1 knockout significantly reduced BAM8-22 evoked scratching behavior. Collectively, these data suggest that activation of MrgprX1 triggers itch sensation by increasing the activity of TTX-resistant voltage-gated sodium channels.