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Papers of the Week

2021 Jan 14

Sci Rep



Changes on proteomic and metabolomic profile in serum of mice induced by chronic exposure to tramadol.


Jiang S, Liu G, Yuan H, Xu E, Xia W, Zhang X, Liu J, Gao L
Sci Rep. 2021 Jan 14; 11(1):1454.
PMID: 33446901.


Tramadol is an opioid used as an analgesic for treating moderate or severe pain. The long-term use of tramadol can induce several adverse effects. The toxicological mechanism of tramadol abuse is unclear. Limited literature available indicates the change of proteomic profile after chronic exposure to tramadol. In this study, we analyzed the proteomic and metabolomic profile by TMT-labeled quantitative proteomics and untargeted metabolomics between the tramadol and the control group. Proteomic analysis revealed 31 differential expressed serum proteins (9 increased and 22 decreased) in tramadol-treated mice (oral, 50 mg/kg, 5 weeks) as compared with the control ones. Bioinformatics analysis showed that the dysregulated proteins mainly included: enzyme inhibitor-associated proteins (i.e. apolipoprotein C-III (Apoc-III), alpha-1-antitrypsin 1-2 (Serpina 1b), apolipoprotein C-II (Apoc-II), plasma protease C1 inhibitor, inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor heavy chain H3 (itih3)); mitochondria-related proteins (i.e. 14-3-3 protein zeta/delta (YWHAZ)); cytoskeleton proteins (i.e. tubulin alpha-4A chain (TUBA4A), vinculin (Vcl)). And we found that the differential expressed proteins mainly involved in the pathway of the protein digestion and absorption. Metabolomics analysis revealed that differential expressed metabolites mainly involved in protein ingestion and absorption, fatty acid biosynthesis, steroid hormone biosynthesis and bile secretion. Our overall findings revealed that chronic exposure to tramadol changed the proteomic and metabolomic profile of mice. Moreover, integrated proteomic and metabolomic revealed that the protein digestion and absorption is the common enrichment KEGG pathway. Thus, the combination of proteomics and metabolomics opens new avenues for the research of the molecular mechanisms of tramadol toxicity.