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Papers of the Week

2020 Sep 23

Dermatol Reports



Quality of life in black African patients with keloid scars.


Kassi K, Kouame K, Kouassi A, Allou A, Kouassi I, Kourouma S, Ecra E, Sangare A
Dermatol Reports. 2020 Sep 23; 12(2):8312.
PMID: 33408828.


A keloid scar is a benign skin tumor and we aimed to assess the Quality of Life (QoL) of black Africans with keloid scars based on the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI). We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study in the department of dermatology of the teaching hospital of Treichville in Ivory Coast. We recruited 132 patients with keloid and 3612 dermatoses without keloid: The prevalence was 3.50% (132/3753). We included 120 patients aged from 16 to 63 years old, the sex ratio was 0.46 (38/82) and the mean age was 34.20 years. Keloid scars were mostly secondary to skin trauma in 30.00 % and infection in 21.67%. The commonest site was the ear in 29.17 %. We reported Keloid with pain in 53.33% and pruritus in 95.00%. We observed psychological impact in 65.83%. The DLQI scores were moderate and high in 61.66 %. QoL was impacted significantly when keloid was associated with pain (p=0.046), pruritus (p=0.81) and functional disorders (p=0.29). The DLQI score could be a valuable tool to assess QoL in black African patients with keloid, for better treatment option.