Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease located especially in Central and South America, India, the Mediterranean and the Middle East. Human brucellosis occurs as a systemic infectious disease with various clinical manifestations. We present a case of 45-year-old female patient, nulliparous, not sexually active, with a previous medical history of a treated brucellosis, and no surgical or gynecological history. The patient presented with a history of fever for 7 days of 39 degrees Celsius, chills and acute abdominal pain. She was diagnosed with diffuse peritonitis with left tubo-ovarian abscess and was admitted for an urgent diagnostic laparoscopy. A left adnexectomy was performed. The diagnosis of genital brucellosis was made. This case report discusses an unusual complication of brucellosis represented by a tubo-ovarian abscess associated with acute peritonitis, treated by a laparoscopic adnexectomy and antimicrobials. Acute peritonitis associated with a tubo-ovarian abscess is an unusual complication of brucellosis.