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Papers of the Week

2021 Feb

Trauma Case Rep


Delayed lower extremity paresis following iliosacral screws: Atypical complication and treatment.


Garín A, Abara S, Herrera C, Acuña I, Cancino J, Bettancourt S, Alvarez J, Vigueras C, Lara J, Del Río J
Trauma Case Rep. 2021 Feb; 31:100380.
PMID: 33385056.


Percutaneous iliosacral screw placement has become the technique of choice for treating injuries to the posterior pelvis. However, the technique requires an understanding of the anatomy surrounding the bone corridors to avoid complications and detect them early if they occur. We present the clinical case of a patient with a U-shaped fracture of the sacrum that evolves with gluteal pain and left foot equine paresis after percutaneous fixation with iliosacral screws. Angio-CT of the pelvis shows active arterial bleeding from the superior gluteal artery associated to extensive hematoma in the thickness of the gluteus medius muscle. Emergency embolization is performed by installing coil and gelatin. Successful control of bleeding is achieved. To avoid this complication, a complete imaging study is recommended in planning the surgery and to avoid multiple repositioning of the guide or screw. Arterial injury should be suspected in case of increasing pain despite analgesia, functional impairment or neurological deficit and the angiographic study and resolution by selective embolization of the bleeding vessels must be performed.