I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 12 Dec 2020 - 18 Dec 2020

Animal Studies

2020 Dec 11

Brain Behav Immun

Editor's Pick

Nasal administration of mesenchymal stem cells reverses chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy in mice.


Boukelmoune N, Laumet G, Tang Y, Ma J, Mahant I, Nijboer C, Benders M, Kavelaars A, Heijnen CJ
Brain Behav Immun. 2020 Dec 11.
PMID: 33316379.


Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is one of the most frequently reported adverse effects of cancer treatment. CIPN often persists long after treatment completion and has detrimental effects on patient's quality of life. There are no efficacious FDA-approved drugs for CIPN. We recently demonstrated that nasal administration of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) reverses the cognitive deficits induced by cisplatin in mice. Here we show that nasal administration of MSC after cisplatin- or paclitaxel treatment- completely reverses signs of established CIPN, including mechanical allodynia, spontaneous pain, and loss of intraepidermal nerve fibers (IENF) in the paw. The resolution of CIPN is associated with normalization of the cisplatin-induced decrease in mitochondrial bioenergetics in DRG neurons. Nasally administered MSC enter rapidly the meninges of the brain, spinal cord and peripheral lymph nodes to promote IL-10 production by macrophages. MSC mediated resolution of mechanical allodynia recovery of IENFs and restoration of DRG mitochondrial function critically depends on IL-10 production. MSC from IL-10 knockout animals are not capable of reversing the symptoms of CIPN. Moreover WT MSC do not reverse CIPN in mice lacking IL-10 receptors on peripheral sensory neurons. In conclusion only two nasal administrations of MSC fully reverse CIPN and the associated mitochondrial abnormalities via an IL-10 dependent pathway. Since MSC are already applied clinically we propose that nasal MSC treatment could become a powerful treatment for the large group of patients suffering from neurotoxicities of cancer treatment.