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Papers of the Week

2020 Nov 30

Int J Mol Sci



Morquio B Disease. Disease Characteristics and Treatment Options of a Distinct -Related Dysostosis Multiplex.


Yuskiv N, Higaki K, Stockler-Ipsiroglu S
Int J Mol Sci. 2020 Nov 30; 21(23).
PMID: 33266180.


Morquio B disease (MBD) is an autosomal recessive -gene-related lysosomal storage disease, presenting with a peculiar type of dysostosis multiplex which is also observed in -related Morquio A disease. MBD may present as pure skeletal phenotype () or in combination with the neuronopathic manifestations seen in type 2 (juvenile) or type 3 (late onset) GM1 gangliosidosis (). The main skeletal features are progressive growth impairment, kyphoscoliosis, coxa/genua valga, joint laxity, platyspondyly and odontoid hypoplasia. The main neuronopathic features are dystonia, ataxia, and intellectual/developmental/speech delay. Spinal cord compression occurs as a complication of spinal dysostosis. Chronic pain is reported, along with mobility issues and challenges with daily living and self-care activities, as the most common health concern. The most commonly reported orthopedic surgeries are hip and knee replacements. Keratan sulphate-derived oligosaccharides are characteristic biomarkers. Residual β-galactosidase activities measured against synthetic substrates do not correlate with the phenotype. W273 L and T500A are the most frequently observed variants in MBD, W273L being invariably associated with . Cytokines play a role in joint destruction and pain, providing a promising treatment target. In the future, patients may benefit from small molecule therapies, and gene and enzyme replacement therapies, which are currently being developed for GM1 gangliosidosis.