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2020 Nov 16

Pharmacol Res

Tagitinin F has Anti-inflammatory, Anti-nociceptive and Anti-Matrix Metalloproteinase Properties: An in Silico, in Vitro and in Vivo study.


da Silva L P, Santos E C, Borges B A, Veloso M P, Chagas-Paula D A, Gonçalves R V, Novaes R D
Pharmacol Res. 2020 Nov 16:105303.
PMID: 33212290.


Sesquiterpene lactones (SL) are natural bioactive molecules indicated as potential scaffolds for anti-inflammatory and analgesic drug design. However, their anti-inflammatory applicability remains underestimated since the impact of SL on inflammatory nociception and tissue repair are overlooked. Thus, we used an integrated in silico, in vitro and in vivo framework to investigate the impact of tagitinin F (TAG-F) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-challenged macrophages, excisional skin wounds, and carrageenan-induced paw edema and mechanical hyperalgesia in mice. RAW 264.7 macrophages in culture were challenged with LPS and treated with TAG-F (5, 10, 50 and 100 µM). The paw of BALB/c mice was injected with carrageenan and treated with 0.5% and 1% TAG-F. Excisional wounds were also produced in BALB/c mice and treated with 0.5% and 1% TAG-F. Our results indicated a consistent concentration-dependent downregulation in 5-lipoxygenase, cyclooxygenase 1 and 2 (COX-1 and COX-2), matrix metalloproteinase 1 and 2 (MMP-1 and MMP-2) activities; as well as attenuation in prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), leukotriene B4 (LTB4) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) production in both in vitro and in vivo models. In vivo, TAG-F also attenuated carrageenan-induced paw edema and mechanical hyperalgesia in mice. From the excisional skin wound, TAG-F was still effective in reducing neutrophils and macrophages infiltration and stimulating collagen deposition in the scar tissue, accelerating tissue maturation. Together, our findings indicate that the anti-inflammatory effect of TAG-F is more comprehensive than previously suggested, exerting a significant impact on the control of edema, inflammatory pain and modulating central metabolic processes linked to skin wound healing.