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Papers of the Week

2020 Nov

Clin Pract Cases Emerg Med



40-year-old Male with a Headache and Altered Mental Status.


Rubenstein RJ, Alblaihed L, Dezman ZDW, Bontempo LJ
Clin Pract Cases Emerg Med. 2020 Nov; 4(4):499-504.
PMID: 33217256.


A 40-year-old man presents to the emergency department with headache, nausea and paresthesias, with subsequent fever and mental status change. Magnetic resonance imaging showed increased fluid-attenuation inversion recovery signal involving multiple areas of the brain, including the pons. This case takes the reader through the differential diagnosis of rhombencephalitis (inflammation of the hindbrain) with discussion of the unanticipated ultimate diagnosis and its treatment.